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Title: Cabo Verde and São Tomé and Príncipe: A new brazilian defense architecture in the Gulf of Guinea?
Authors: Violante, Alexandre Rocha
Keywords: Brazil
Cabo Verde
São Tomé and Príncipe
Security and Defense
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Publisher: OBSERVARE. Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa
Citation: Violante, Alexandre Rocha (2021). Cabo Verde and São Tomé and Príncipe: A new brazilian defense architecture in the Gulf of Guinea?, e-journal of international relations. Vol12, Nº. 2, November 2021-April 2022. Consulted [online] on the date of the last visit,
Abstract: Brazil, Cabo Verde and São Tomé and Príncipe are States that, with the deposit of the 60th State to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, on November 16, 1994, obtained greater jurisdictions over "their oceans”. These increases, merely in their Exclusiv e Economic Zones, reached about 182% for Cabo Verde and 160% for São Tomé and Príncipe, in relation to their land jurisdictions. Their locations, in areas of high geopolitical relevance, at the confluence of Atlantic maritime communication lines and near the Gulf of Guinea, end up posing "new" and traditional threats. Thus, through aspects dear to strategic studies, in the search for greater induction of security in the region, this paper sought to analyze the bilateral and multilateral relations of Brazil and other relevant actors with these states in the area of defense. It was perceived that more assertive actions by Brazil, in the last two decades, have provided the creation of a defense architecture, composed of Embassies, Technical Support Groups and Naval Mission Centers. Finally, it was found that Brazil has become an actor of relative relevance in maritime security in the region, in face of the presence of other relevant states in the region, such as China, USA, India, Spain and Portugal, among others.
Peer Reviewed: yes
ISSN: 1647-7251
Appears in Collections:OBSERVARE - JANUS.NET e-journal of International Relations. Vol.12, n.2 (November 2021 - April 2022)

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