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Title: Hard, Soft or Smart Power: Conceptual Discussion or Strategic Definition?
Authors: Brito, Brígida
Keywords: Relações Internacionais
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: OBSERVARE. Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa
Citation: Brito, Brígida (2010) " Hard, soft or smart power: conceptual discussion or strategic definition?". Notes and Reflections, JANUS.NET e-journal of International Relations, Vol. 1, n.º 1 (Autumn 2010), pp. 112-114 . Consulted [online] on date of last visit,
Abstract: The reflection presented here summarizes the discussions around conceptual differences, advantages, and risks associated with strategies inherent to Hard Power and Soft Power, as well as the emergent concept of Smart Power. The opportunity for this reflection was provided by the participation in the conference “Hard Vs. Soft Power: Foreign Policy Strategies in Contemporary International Relations” organised by the Academy for Cultural Diplomacy, at Cambridge University, in June 2010.
Peer Reviewed: no
ISSN: 1647-7251
Publisher Version:,-n-%C2%BA1-autumn-2010/notes-and-reflections/100-hard-soft-or-smart-power-conceptual-discussion-or-strategic-definition
Appears in Collections:OBSERVARE - JANUS.NET e-journal of International Relations. Vol. 1, n1 (Autumn 2010)

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