Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11144/4041
Title: Anxiety, Depression, Dyadic Adjustment and Attachment to the Fetus in Pregnancy: Actor-partner Interdependence Mediation Analysis
Authors: Brandão, Tânia
Brites, Rute
Nunes, Odete
Hipólito, João
Pires, Mónica
Keywords: anxiety
depression
dyadic adjustment
attachment to the fetus
dyadic study
Issue Date: Feb-2019
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Brandão, T., Brites, R., Pires, M., Hipólito, J., & Nunes, O. (2019). Anxiety, depression, dyadic adjustment, and attachment to the fetus in pregnancy: Actor–partner interdependence mediation analysis. Journal of Family Psychology. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000513
Abstract: Perinatal research has focused essentially on maternal outcomes leaving paternal outcomes unexplored. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the intrapersonal and interpersonal effects of mothers' and fathers' anxiety and depressive symptoms on their own and their partners' antenatal attachment to the fetus. Additionally, it aimed to explore the mediating role of dyadic adjustment on these associations. Participants, 320 pregnant women and their partners, completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale and the Maternal and Paternal Antenatal Attachment Scale. Data were analyzed using the actor-partner interdependence mediation model. Mothers' (ß = -.16, p <.01) and fathers' depressive symptoms (ß = -.38, p <.001) were associated with their levels of antenatal attachment to the fetus. These relationships, however, were mediated by levels of dyadic adjustment (ß = -.08, p <.05; ß = -.09, p <.05, respectively). Fathers' anxiety symptoms were associated with their levels of antenatal attachment to the fetus (ß = .16, p <.05). This relationship was partially mediated by their levels of dyadic adjustment (ß = -.05, p <.05). Finally, fathers' depressive symptoms were associated with mothers' levels of antenatal attachment to the fetus through the mothers' dyadic adjustment levels (ß = -.06, p <.05). Results indicated that anxiety and depressive symptoms as well as lower levels of dyadic adjustment during pregnancy seem to negatively impact the levels of antenatal attachment to the fetus, especially for fathers. Results highlight the need to adopt a dyadic perspective to understand mothers' and fathers' outcomes during pregnancy.
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11144/4041
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000513
ISSN: 0893-3200
Publisher version: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2019-07793-001
Appears in Collections:CIP - Artigos/Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Anxiety_depression.pdf995.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpace
Formato BibTex MendeleyEndnote Currículo DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.